Published Articles

Absolute and Conditional Discharges

General Section 730 permits a judge to make a finding of guilt but not register a conviction against the offender. By imposing a discharge, the court avoids imposing the full impact of having a criminal conviction on the offender’s record for those who are “of good character, without previous conviction.” A discharge is particularly appropriate in cases where being charged and tried will be sufficient deterrent and denunciation to address the conduct at issue and for those who will suffer disproportionate consequences (usually associated [...]

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Summary Conviction vs Indictable Criminal Offences

If you’ve been charged with a Criminal Offence, you’ve probably come across the terms “Summary Conviction” and “Indictment“.  Often, this legal terminology will appear on a page, usually referred to as a Charge Screening Form, located at the front of your disclosure package. The Charge Screening Form will indicate how the Crown Attorney intends to proceed on your charges – either by Summary Conviction or by Indictment.   But what do these terms mean? There are 3 types of criminal offences: [...]

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